Rio Grande 2014 Tools and Equipment Catalog - page 430

Soldering
Basics
Acetylene torches, accessories and supplies . . . . . 448–452
Anti-firescale. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 434
Anti-flux . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 435
Casting torches . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 452
Electric soldering machines . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 460
Flux and flux dispensers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432–436
G-TEC gas pressure booster. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 459
Heat sinks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 443
Hot Spot® jump ring soldering machine . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 460
Language of torches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . facing page
Little Torch™. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 448–450
Pickle and pickle pots/metal cleaning . . . . . . . . . . . . 444, 445
Picks and burnishers. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 436
Portable, butane and hand-held torches. . . . . . . . . . . . . . 455
Propane torches, accessories and supplies. . 448–450, 454
Pumice/soldering grain. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 442
Solders and solder dispensers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 432–433
Solder Prints™ joint detector. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 457
Soldering blocks . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 439–441
Stands/stations . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 437, 438
Tanks and tank carriers . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 458
Third hand accessories. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 437, 438, 441
Torch accessories and supplies . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 450–452
Arc welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 468–470
HydroFlux welder. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 461
Language of welding . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 462
Orion welders. . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 468, 469
PUK welders . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . . 470
PulsePoint™ laser welders and accessories. . . . . . . 463–466
Follow these steps to ensure a strong, professional-looking solder joint:
Tips
for Effective Soldering
If you’re looking for solid instruction
to acquire professional soldering skills,
look to the books and DVDs in this
catalog. We recommend the work
of the two instructors below for their
valuable skills, experience and insight.
For a great selection of their books and
DVDs, see pages 752–755. See the Rio
Grande exclusive
Basic Soldering
Techniques
DVD on the facing page.
TimMcCreight
, former head of the
Department of Metalsmithing & Jewelry
at the Maine College of Art in Portland, is
a gifted teacher, author and metalsmith.
Alan Revere
, founder and director of
the Revere Academy of Jewelry Arts in
San Francisco, is an outstanding teacher,
author and classically trained metalsmith.
soldering
quick reference
Clean
Solder won’t flow on a dirty or greasy surface. Use a
degreasing detergent cleaner and an abrasive pad, or
an abrasive such as pumice powder, to remove dirt or
grease from the metal being soldered. Rinse thoroughly
after cleaning. You can also steam clean the workpieces.
Components, findings and joints must fit tightly
together. Gaps in joints and poorly matched junctures
between parts create a poor solder joint, which could
result in pitting of the solder or a weak joint that
could break. Occasionally, solder simply will not fill
a poor-fitting area.
Fit
Flux
Flux prepares the metal surface to receive the fluid
solder. When applying flux, make sure it is in contact
with the solder at all times and that it touches both
metal parts being joined. Some self-pickling fluxes
also help dissolve oxides. Keeping the joint oxide-free
is important for creating the ideal soldering surface.
Flame
Use either a neutral flame (equal parts oxygen and
gas) or a reducing flame (more gas than oxygen).
The metal adjacent to the joint must reach the necessary
temperature before solder will flow. First concentrate
the heat on the surrounding surface, then on the joint
to be soldered. Remember, solder flows to the hottest
part of the surface and toward the flame.
Follow-
Up
After soldering, use a mild acid pickle to clean
non-ferrous metals. This removes oxides and other
soldering residues prior to finishing. When storing
solders, keep them free from dirt and grease. Sheet
solders may be cleaned to remove dirt or residue.
welding
quick reference
solder ing
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solder ing
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